KOIDANOVO (or Kaidanovo; from 1935 Dzerzhinsk), town in Minsk district, Belarus. There were 560 Jews paying poll tax in 1765. From 1833 it became a ḥasidic center. The community numbered 2,497 in 1847 and 3,156 in 1897 (67% of the total population); many Jews were occupied in the bristle industry. During World War I the town suffered severely. On July 10–12, 1920 it was set on fire during the retreat of the Polish army and there was general looting of Jewish property. The Jewish population numbered 1,788 in 1926 (32.5% of the total), and 1,314 (15% of the total population) in 1939. In 1924 a Yiddish school was opened and named after the locally born poet avraham reisen . About 150 Jews worked in agriculture. The Germans occupied the town on June 26, 1941, and murdered 1,000 Jews on October 20 or 21, 1941. In March 1942, 1,300 Jews – probably from Minsk – were killed at the local railway station. Jewish partisan units which had joined the general partisan movement were active in forests in the vicinity. The 1959 census contained no data on the Jewish population. The U.S. trade unionist joseph schlossberg was born in Koidanovo. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Pogromy v Belorussii (1922), 31–38; A. Reisen, Epizodn fun mayn Lebn, 1 (1929), 5–95; Sefer Kaidanovo (1955); Sefer   ha-Partizanim ha-Yehudim, 1 (1958), index; W.Z. Rabinowitsch, Ha-Ḥasidut ha-Lita'it (1961), 120–7. (Yehuda Slutsky / Shmuel Spector (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • KOIDANOV — (Koidanovo), ḥasidic dynasty in koidanovo . Koidanov Ḥasidism was a branch of the karlin trend of Ḥasidism and the continuation of lachowicze Ḥasidism. Its founder was SOLOMON ḤAYYIM (Perlow) OF KOIDANOV (1797–1862), grandson of the ẓaddikim… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • BARANOVICHI — (Pol., Baranowicze), capital of Baranovichi district, Belarus (from 1921–39 in Poland). After Baranovichi became a railroad junction at the end of the 19th century, Jews from the surroundings began to settle there without official permission (see …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • KOIDONOVER (Kaidanover), AARON SAMUEL BEN ISRAEL — (c. 1614–1676), talmudic scholar and preacher. Koidonover took his name from Koidanovo near Minsk, where he was born. He was known also by the abbreviation Maharshak (Morenu Ha Rav Shemu el Kaidanover). In his youth he studied in Brest Litovsk… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • KOIDONOVER (Kaidanover), ẒEVI HIRSCH — (d. 1712), rabbi and ethical writer (his name derived from Koidanovo, a town near Minsk). Koidonover was born in Vilna and spent his childhood in Kurow near Lublin until 1658 when his father s house was pillaged and his two sisters killed. The… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • MINSK — MINSK, capital of Belarus; in poland lithuania from the beginning of the 14th century until 1793; under czarist rule, the most important commercial center of Belorussia from the 15th century. Jews first leased the customs duties of Minsk in 1489 …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • REISEN, ABRAHAM — (Avrom Reyzn; 1876–1953), Yiddish poet, short story writer, playwright, and editor. Born in Koidanovo, Russia (now Dzyarzhynsk, Belarus), Reisen was the son of the Hebrew and Yiddish poet Kalman Reisen (1848–1921) and the brother of the poet,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • REJZEN (Reyzn), ZALMAN — (1887–1940?), Yiddish lexicographer, literary historian, and editor. Born in Koidanovo, Minsk province (now Dzerzhinsk, Belorus), Rejzen, together with his elder brother, the poet and short story writer abraham reisen , prepared the Yiddish… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • SCHLOSSBERG, JOSEPH — (1875–1971), U.S. trade union leader and journalist. Born in Koidanovo (now Dzerzhinsk), Belorussia, he went to the U.S. in the 1880s and worked in the sweatshops of the needle trade in New York City. The harsh and degrading working conditions… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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